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1978 Strasbourg World Championships
Screen Shot 2012-08-17 at 9.02.07 PM.png

City

Strasbourg, France

Team Gold Medalist

USSR

All-Around Gold Medalist

Elena Mukhina (USSR)

Vault Gold Medalist

Nellie Kim (USSR)

Uneven Bars Gold Medalist

Marcia Frederick (USA)

Balance Beam Gold Medalist

Nadia Comăneci (ROU)

Floor Exercise Gold Medalist

Nellie Kim (USSR)
Elena Mukhina (USSR)

Preceded by

1974 Varna World Championships

Succeeded by

1979 Fort Worth World Championships

The 19th Artistic Gymnastics World Championships were held in Strasbourg, France, in 1978 from October 23 to October 29.

A video control system was installed near each apparatus to help judges in disputable situations. For the first time it was used at the 1977 European Championships.

Format of Competition

The gymnastics competition was carried out in three stages:

  • Competition I - The team competition/qualification round in which all gymnasts, including those who were not part of a team, performed both compulsory and optional exercises. The combined scores of all team members determined the final score of the team. The thirty-six highest scoring gymnasts in the all-around qualified to the individual all-around competition. The six highest scoring gymnasts on each apparatus qualified to the final for that apparatus.
  • Competition II - The individual all-around competition, in which those who qualified from Competition I performed exercises on each apparatus. The final score of each gymnast was composed of half the points earned by that gymnast during Competition I and all of the points earned by him or her in Competition II.
  • Competition III - The apparatus finals, in which those who qualified during Competition I performed an exercise on the individual apparatus on which he or she had qualified. The final score of each gymnast was composed of half the points earned by that gymnast on that particular apparatus during Competition I and all of the points earned by him or her on that particular apparatus in Competition III.

For the first time in World competition, countries were limited to having three gymnasts in the all-around competition and two-gymnasts in each apparatus final. This was a controversial decision, which prevented many gymnasts of strong teams (like the USSR) from competing in the finals. In addition, for the first time, eight gymnasts were allowed to compete in each of the apparatus finals.

Results

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Team Flag of the Soviet Union.png USSR

Maria Filatova
Natalia Shaposhnikova
Elena Mukhina
Nellie Kim
Svetlana Agapova
Tatiana Arzhannikova

Flag of Romania.png Romania

Nadia Comăneci
Emilia Eberle
Marilena Neacsu
Teodora Ungureanu
Anca Grigoraş
Marilena Vlădărău

Flag of East Germany.png East Germany

Steffi Kraker
Silvia Hindorff
Birgit Süß
Heike Kunhardt
Karola Sube
Ute Wittwer

All-Around Flag of the Soviet Union.png Elena Mukhina
Soviet Union (USSR)
Flag of the Soviet Union.png Nellie Kim
Soviet Union (USSR)
Flag of the Soviet Union.png Natalia Shaposhnikova
Soviet Union (USSR)
Vault Flag of the Soviet Union.png Nellie Kim
Soviet Union (USSR)
Flag of Romania.png Nadia Comăneci
Romania (ROU)
Flag of East Germany.png Steffi Kraker
East Germany (GDR)
Uneven Bars Flag of the United States of America.png Marcia Frederick
United States of America (USA)
Flag of the Soviet Union.png Elena Mukhina
Soviet Union (USSR)
Flag of Romania.png Emilia Eberle
Romania (ROU)
Balance Beam Flag of Romania.png Nadia Comăneci
Romania (ROU)
Flag of the Soviet Union.png Elena Mukhina
Soviet Union (USSR)
Flag of Romania.png Emilia Eberle
Romania (ROU)
Floor Exercise Flag of the Soviet Union.png Nellie Kim
Soviet Union (USSR)

Flag of the Soviet Union.png Elena Mukhina
Soviet Union (USSR)

N/A Flag of Romania.png Emilia Eberle
Romania (ROU)

Flag of the United States of America.png Kathy Johnson
United States of America (USA)

Notable Moments

  • Marcia Frederick became the first American World Champion.

Medal Count

Rank Country Gold-medal.png Silver-medal.png Bronze-medal.png Total
1 Flag of the Soviet Union.png USSR 5 3 1 9
2 Flag of Romania.png Romania 1 2 3 6
3 Flag of the United States of America.png USA 1 0 1 2
4 Flag of East Germany.png East Germany 0 0 2 2
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